If you ever have forgotten your password for the only administrative account on Windows or know someone who has, you know the experience can be infuriating. All is not lost, though, if you have a live CD handy. This page is an adaption of Reset a Windows password with Knoppix for Ubuntu. It has also been tested for Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7.

This tutorial assumes you know how to obtain and boot a Ubuntu CD. If you don’t, go here first.

Start off by booting the Ubuntu CD.


Select your language of choice and then Try Ubuntu without any change to your computer.


Once the live session has loaded, go to System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager.


Once Synaptic Package Manager is open, go to Settings > Repositories. This will open the Software Sources window.


Once the Software Sources windows appears, make sure you check (or tick) the box next to Software restricted by copyright or legal issues (multiverse). Then click Close. You should get a warning about how you’ll have to reload the repositories to have your changes take effect.


So click Reload in Synaptic Package Manager and wait for the new information on what’s available for installation be updated.


Click Search and search for chntpw.


Right-click on chntpw and mark it for installation.


Click Apply and in the Summary window, click Apply to confirm that you want to apply changes.



Wait for the changes to apply, then click Close and then quit Synaptic Package Manager.

That method for installing chntpw assumes you have a working internet connection on the computer in question. If you don’t (or regularly do, but not when you boot the Ubuntu CD), you can also download chntpw from one of these mirrors, transfer it to the computer in question (via USB stick), and then double-click the download file to install it.


To mount (or make available for use) your Windows drive, go to Places and select the appropriate drive. In this case, my drive is an 8.7 GB drive. Yours will probably be different.


Then, go to Applications > Accessories > Terminal to use the command-line.

cd /media/disk/WINDOWS/system32/config/

In most cases, I think the first mounted drive will mount to the /media/disk directory, so pasting this command into the terminal should get you into the right directory.

If not, you can try the command df -h to see where your Windows drive mounted to and substitute that directory path for /media/disk in the above command.

Note for Windows 7: the word Windows is not in all capital letters, so it would actually be cd /media/disk/Windows/System32/config/

ls
AppEvent.Evt SAM software system.LOG userdiff.LOG
default SAM.LOG software.LOG systemprofile
default.LOG SecEvent.Evt software.sav system.sav
default.sav SECURITY SysEvent.Evt TempKey.LOG
Internet.evt SECURITY.LOG system userdiff

If you paste in the command ls, you’ll see a list of files in the directory, and one of them should be called SAM.

sudo chntpw SAM

Paste in the command sudo chntpw SAM to change the Administrator account password.

If, instead, you want to change a particular username’s password, use this command instead:

sudo chntpw -u username SAM

Either way, you should see a whole bunch of cryptic terminal output:

chntpw version 0.99.3 040818, (c) Petter N Hagen
Hive’s name (from header):
ROOT KEY at offset: 0x001020 * Subkey indexing type is: 666c
Page at 0x7000 is not ‘hbin’, assuming file contains garbage at end
File size 262144 [40000] bytes, containing 6 pages (+ 1 headerpage)
Used for data: 243/19072 blocks/bytes, unused: 11/5312 blocks/bytes.

* SAM policy limits:
Failed logins before lockout is: 0
Minimum password length : 0
Password history count : 0
RID: 01f4, Username:
RID: 03ec, Username:
RID: 01f5, Username: , *disabled or locked*
RID: 03e8, Username: , *disabled or locked*
RID: 03eb, Username:
RID: 03ea, Username: , *disabled or locked*

———————> SYSKEY CHECK Not Set (not installed, good!)
SAM Account\F : 1 -> key-in-registry
SECURITY PolSecretEncryptionKey: -1 -> Not Set (OK if this is NT4)

***************** SYSKEY IS ENABLED! **************
This installation very likely has the syskey passwordhash-obfuscator installed
It’s currently in mode = -1, Unknown-mode

SYSTEM (and possibly SECURITY) hives not loaded, unable to disable syskey!
Please start the program with at least SAM & SYSTEM-hive filenames as arguments!

RID : 0500 [01f4]
Username: Administrator
fullname:
comment : Built-in account for administering the computer/domain
homedir :

Account bits: 0x0210 =
[ ] Disabled | [ ] Homedir req. | [ ] Passwd not req. |
[ ] Temp. duplicate | [X] Normal account | [ ] NMS account |
[ ] Domain trust ac | [ ] Wks trust act. | [ ] Srv trust act |
[X] Pwd don’t expir | [ ] Auto lockout | [ ] (unknown 0x08) |
[ ] (unknown 0x10) | [ ] (unknown 0x20) | [ ] (unknown 0x40) |

Failed login count: 0, while max tries is: 0
Total login count: 0
** LANMAN password not set. User MAY have a blank password.
** Usually safe to continue

* = blank the password (This may work better than setting a new password!)
Enter nothing to leave it unchanged

At this point, you’ll be prompted to enter a new password, you should enter an asterisk to make it temporarily blank (you can always change the password to something else once you’re back in Windows.

Please enter new password: *
Blanking password!

Do you really wish to change it? (y/n) [n] y
Changed!

Hives that have changed:
# Name
0
Write hive files? (y/n) [n] : y
0 – OK

Confirm the changes (with the letter y for yes) twice when prompted, and you should be done.

Now if you reboot into Windows XP, you can log into the Administrator account with an empty password.

44 Responses to “How to reset a Windows password with Ubuntu”

  1. Dan Says:

    IT security people across the globe hate you now. But I love it.

  2. ubuntucat Says:

    Well, I’m going to blog a bit more about security through obscurity in a bit – probably early next week.

    This isn’t really intended for people trying to break into someone else’s box. It’s really for people who have forgotten their own passwords and want to reset it.

    Information is information, though. I don’t know if malicious people will get a hold of this, but I suspect people who really are intent on compromising other people’s systems have the resources to figure it out themselves anyway.

  3. Jeremy Bicha Says:

    Even without blanking the admin password, the simple act of booting from a Live Linux CD (as demonstrated here) and mounting the Windows hard drive allows you to read/write anything on the hard drive. Thanks for letting me know about this particular tool though!

  4. bobplano Says:

    In response to the other comments, there’s two ways information like this can work if you’re talking about trying to break into another’s computer. the hacker is obviously going to gain a way to get the information they want, but it also makes the regular Joes more aware that this is possible, and then are more conscious of some problems

  5. cph Says:

    genius, thanks.

  6. Nick Says:

    Or you can save about 20 minutes of you life and just download and burn the .iso image called ophcrack. When you boot from it, it automatically loads linux, and starts scanning for passwords for you. Depending on how many and how difficult the xp passwords are, it should only take about 5-10 minutes, and the person wanting the password doesn’t have to do anything except boot the disk.

  7. ubuntucat Says:

    Resetting a Windows password with Ubuntu doesn’t take 20 minutes, but thanks for mentioning another option. Options are good.

  8. Cormic Says:

    Thank you very much. This is very handy.

  9. Gaijin Says:

    @Nick – Yes, thanks for the additional option but password cracking will take significantly longer than just resetting the password for any complex (non-dictionary) password. Of course, you can cut down the time with pre-generated rainbow tables. Either way, each option has it’s own advantages & disadvantages. The main advantage of cracking the password being that the user won’t on the system won’t know that anything at all was done. If you’re trying to be stealth, a password reset is kind of a dead giveaway.

    To just dump the SAM table without having admin creds and crack on your own time without rebooting the Windows machine, I suggest that anyone interested look at USB Switchblade (Gonzor payload), here:
    http://wiki.hak5.org/wiki/USB_Switchblade

    There’s all sorts of other goodness in there such as installing VNC as a service, dumping stored Internet passwords, etc, all just by plugging in a USB drive without any user interaction.

  10. Gaijin Says:

    Thank you Ubuntucat for this great tutorial. It helped me shave some time off building my “hacker keychain”, loosely based on Larry Pesce’s, here:
    http://pauldotcom.com/wiki/index.php/Episode115

  11. thomas Says:

    hi,
    when i try this i get:

    /media/Zin_/WINDOWS/system32/config$ sudo chntpw SAM
    [sudo] password for xxx:
    chntpw version 0.99.3 040818, (c) Petter N Hagen
    openHive(SAM): File does not seem to be a registry hive!
    Simple registry editor. ? for help.
    get_abs_path: Not a ‘nk’ node!

    [0] > q

    any idea why??? thx

  12. ubuntucat Says:

    I have no idea what’s going on there. I did a Google search on that error message, and only two results came up, both of which seem to be the source code for the chntpw program.

  13. Jason Says:

    @thomas
    I have the same problem. On a lark I copied one of the files to my girlfriend’s Ubuntu system (same version, same updates) and was able to edit it there.

    The difference? My computer is 64 bit, hers is not.

    I filed a bug, please add whatever information you can:
    https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/chntpw/+bug/293809

  14. tom Says:

    i follow all the procedure, on ubuntu screen tells me password has changed or blanked. But i still can not log in to my windows, I even use other computers to try, 3 of my computer wouldn’t let me… please help!

  15. ubuntucat Says:

    I think this may be a little beyond me. You should post a thread on the Ubuntu Forums

  16. Sheyenne Says:

    does this work with windows vista????

  17. ubuntucat Says:

    Yes, it works for Vista, too.

    More details here:
    http://home.eunet.no/pnordahl/ntpasswd/

  18. Saul P Says:

    I can confirm it does work with Vista, as I just used it a few minutes ago to reset a password in a partition that would not be mounted with pnordahl’s boot CD.

  19. Pratyush Says:

    hey …. thanks for the tips … works like a charm.
    chntpw is only 120kb as so you dont have to download 450mb of ophcrack. i mean everybody has a ubuntu live cd handy right?

  20. Arky Says:

    There is a cavet here.
    Perhaps you should try running ‘SAM’ in small case.

    sudo chntpw sam

    Or else you will end up with errors like this

    # chntpw SAM
    chntpw version 0.99.5 070923 (decade), (c) Petter N Hagen
    openHive(SAM) failed: No such file or directory, trying read-only
    openHive(SAM) in fallback RO-mode failed: No such file or directory
    closing hive SAM
    Unable to open/read a hive, exiting..

  21. ubuntucat Says:

    SAM is definitely in uppercase. I’ve executed this tutorial exactly as written. I have also double-checked booted into Windows that C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\SAM is an uppercase directory.

  22. Sajid Iqbal Says:

    Great article mate. it helped me to get out of the mess.

  23. kingbenny Says:

    what to do when it’s xp 64 i get the same ‘not a hive’ error ?

  24. ubuntucat Says:

    When I do a Google search for that error message, I get only 12 results (including this blog entry), so I don’t think there’s a solution to it.

  25. GL Says:

    confirmed that chntpw doesnt work on x86_64,
    use the static version from
    http://home.eunet.no/pnordahl/ntpasswd/

  26. EnQi Says:

    wah !!!why wan use this method???so complex!!!
    why dont use the eays way ??

  27. ubuntucat Says:

    I just tested it on Windows 7, and it works. WINDOWS isn’t all caps, though.

  28. Danieleutopia Says:

    It worked like a charm!!! thanks a lot!!!

    Daniele

  29. Animesh Says:

    This helped me a lot! Thanks.

    Minor tip: On non-english winxp installs, you need to explicitly mention the adminstrator username, because it may have a different spelling.

    For me

    sudo chntpw -u Administrateur SAM

    worked. [note the case, and the French username]

    The best way it to try

    sudo chntpw SAM

    in a graphical terminal. If it fails, scroll up and see the list of users it spits out. That might give you an idea.

    Hope it helps someone :)

    cheers,
    -A

  30. Masimiliano Says:

    Hi, great tutorial!
    Can I translate and publish it on mi site, also linking the source informations?

    Thanks!!

  31. Luc Says:

    Tested on Windows7. It work when I set the blank passwd for Administrator. Non-empty passwd not work however it’s powerful enough ;). Great

  32. Zim Says:

    Thank you. A lot.

  33. saejin Says:

    Did the procedure on xp, deleting the administrator password. All seemed to work well, but some recent patch on xp will not allow a administrator account to not have a password. It ends the process during login and puts me back to the login screen. I then tried to go back in, and give the account a know password. The hard disk is no longer mounting, and I do not see the device. advise?

  34. saejin Says:

    I got in to chntpw and tried to readd the password. It is now blank so it seems I can not readd the password. please advise…

  35. BUGS Says:

    This is really superb thing,
    thank you very much.

  36. Ryan K Says:

    Hey. Brand newbie. Just downloaded Ubuntu, because a friend told me I could do this. But I can’t find chntpw. I tried searching for it, but nothing is around. Help! Computer fubar at the moment! Need this to work!

  37. Ryan K Says:

    Ok, fixed. User error, as normal. Got all the way to the use of the chntpw. it gives me 5 options, and the first says to blank the password. I chose 1. then accepted all the prompts, and backed out. When I reloaded XP, it still said my password was in effect. it didn’t work. I’ve tried it three times now and I can’t get it to work. It doesnt look the same as what you have pictured, but it still tried to implement. not sure what I’m doing wrong, but I am a lowly Windows user, not a linux ninja, and all I can do is look around and beg help.

  38. Dave52 Says:

    I just tried this procedure with an old (at this point in time) Ubuntu 8.10 live disc. When I tried to install chntpw using Synaptic, no results were returned from the search. My newer (permanent) Ubuntu system’s package manager was able to find chntpw, however.

    I tried a couple of other searches, and was about to manually edit the repository list files when it occurred to me to try apt-get. I opened a terminal window and entered

    sudo apt-get install chntpw

    and it was able to locate and install the program. (Apparently chntpw was there but had been deselected). When I mounted my XP partition and ran chntpw to blank out my own account’s password it worked like a charm.

    So, if Synaptic doesn’t find the package, try going into a terminal and using apt-get (you’re going to need to open a terminal window anyway).

    Thanks!

  39. RushKing Says:

    As soon as I type “sudo chntpw SAM” I get this:

    ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo chntpw SAM
    chntpw version 0.99.5 070923 (decade), (c) Petter N Hagen
    openHive(SAM) failed: No such file or directory, trying read-only
    openHive(SAM) in fallback RO-mode failed: No such file or directory
    closing hive SAM
    Unable to open/read a hive, exiting..
    ubuntu@ubuntu:~$

    Can someone help me?

  40. Rianav Says:

    Hey download the sourcecode and use chntpw.static if you are on xp x64. Cheers.

  41. moody_mark Says:

    Worked a treat for me booting from a USB stick running crunchbang linux. I couldnt use the sudo chntpw SAM option but i was able to use the sudo chntpw -u SAM. I tried setting the password which didnt work, but choosing the option to blank the password worked perfectly

    Thanks Ubuntucat!

  42. miklosh Says:

    For those with issues on x64 systems,

    Try using the ubuntu-x.xx-desktop-i386.iso to reset passwords. It worked for me.

  43. nate Says:

    When i click reload i get a message that they cannot be found…. (for some reason this computer will connect to the wireless network by using a password but will not get on the internet and i suppose because of permissions it’s not visible on the other computers.) I’m using Ubuntu to accomplish this. Ubuntu is not installed it’s live. How do i get the thing on the internet. Again it’s connected to the wireless network and has a very good connection

  44. P3713 Says:

    For those of you who are having issues with the x64 architecture, I recommend installing the NEWEST version of the software and following the directions from the ntpasswd website here:

    http://pogostick.net/~pnh/ntpasswd/README.txt

    Good luck and happy hacking.